Causes Of Migraine

Below are some underlying Causes responsible for Migraine
  1. Genetic causes - Successors may get affected due to genetic disorders .
  2. Medications like birth control pills, vasodilators etc.
  3. Fatigue or exaggerated stress may lead to Migraine
  4. Excess intake of Alcohol


Migraine affects and rise stage by stage in one's body.

Migraine headache is caused by physical or mental stress, sun, unhealthy eating habit, chocolate, milk products etc. Migraine headache is usually known as psychosomatic syndrome. Studies have proved that chemical imbalance in the blood carrying nerves on the surface of the one's brain. Migraine headache generally occurs in half of one's head. It begins with a warning of some form. Which may lead to certain issues related to vision like blurred visibility. The intensity of the pain gradually and intensively increases. This makes one uncomfortable to be in a in a room having more intense light. It ends up with feeling exhausted after vomiting and nausea. A long sleep of 12-14 hours is advisable for such patients.


Also typical perfumes and certain odors and subject to change of weather too, in most of the cases humidity and change in air pressure may increase the possibility of its occurrence in the victim's body.

Migraine

A migraine is a severe, excruciating bore that is time and again preceded or accompanied by intellectual cautionary signs such as flashes of light, sighted spots, tingling in the arms and legs, repugnance, vomiting, and increased thoughtfulness to light and hard. The excruciating pain that migraines be the cause of can last for hours or even days.

Migraine triggers:
Whatever the literal process of the headaches, a quantity of stuff may cause them. Common migraine triggers bring in:
1. Hormonal variations in women: Fluctuations in estrogen seem to generate headaches in many manhood with known migraines. Women with a present of migraines a lot loud noise headaches immediately before or during their periods, when they have a major drop in estrogen. Others have an increased drift to obtain migraines during or importmenopause. Hormonal medications — such as oral contraceptives and hormone replacement help — also may get worse migraines, however some womankind find it's beneficial to take them.
  1. Foods: Some migraines show to be triggered by convinced foods. Common offenders take account ofAntonym alcohol, in particular beer and red wine; aged cheeses; chocolate; aspartame; overplay of caffeine; monosodium glutamate — a key ingredient in some Asian foods; brackish foods; and processed foods. Skipping meals or fasting also can halt migraines.
  2. Stress: Stress at work or home can bring about migraines.
  3. Sensory stimuli: Bright lights and sun stare can produce migraines, as can loud sounds. Unusual smells — including friendly scents, such as fragrance, and foul odors, such as smear thinner and hand-me-downAntonym be on fire, can also activate migraines.
  4. Changes in wake-sleep decoration: Either absent sleep or getting too much sleep may function as a prompt for migraine attacks in some individuals, as can jet lag.
  5. Physical factors: Intense physical exertion, including sexual hobby, may bait migraines.
  6. Changes in the environs: A alteration of weather or air pressure can prompt a migraine.
  7. Medications: Certain medications can aggravate migraines.
Symptoms of migraine:
Symptoms of migraine can come to mind a while before the annoyance, immediately before the problem, during the pain, and after the nuisance. Although not all migraines are the same, typical symptoms omit:
Moderate to severe pain, usually enclosed to one side of the head, but switching in continuous migraines
  • Pulsing and pulse head pain
  • Increasing pain during physical pastime
  • Inability to perform routine events due to pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Migrane Pain & symptoms

migraine headache is mostly described by the case as a forceful pounding pain involving one temple. In some instances, the pain is bring into being in the forehead, nearby one eye, or in the back of the ego's head. Normally the pain is said to be joint, meaning it affects only one side of the head, although it can affect both sides in round a third of the cases. It's unusual for these headaches to change sidesbasic striking one side, and then on the next attack, affecting the further side. Some common symptoms of migraines add in vomitingunsettled stomachdiarrhea, cold hands and feet, mudpack whiteness, and a thoughtfulness to unassailable and light.

What is a Migraine Headache?

migraine is a persistent, throbbing headache typically affecting one side of the head. It can last from anywhere between 4 and 72 hours. Migraines are thought to be caused by a precipitous splayed of the genealogy vessels that provision the brain, which in turn irritates the stress surrounding these lifeblood vessels.


Migraine Headache Symptoms

Migraine headaches can be accompanied by symptoms that have a weighty control on diurnal life. As well as the headache, relatives may also experience symptoms such as motion sicknessvomiting and imagistic disturbances. Occasionally, symptoms can be more rigorous - including one-sided paralysisexertion in speaking, commotion, or fainting. (See Migraine Headache Symptoms)

Migraine Headache Causes:

The faithful causes of migraine headaches are not completely unspoken, but you may find that undeniable triggers can start or worsen a migraine. Avoiding these migraine triggers can become an effective revenue of reducing the digit of attacks.

Relief for migraines

Migraine sufferers may be able to get sufficient relief without turning to prescription drugs, according to two new studies.

The studies, published in the latest issue of the journal Headache, conclude that naproxen (marketed as Aleve) and acetaminophen (Tylenol) effectively decreased or eliminated pain and reduced migraine recurrence and migraine-associated symptoms to a degree defined as a "desirable outcome" of migraine therapy by the International Headache Society.

Migraine headache affects as many as 28 million Americans and costs the U.S. economy an estimated $24 billion every year.

About three-quarters of people who suffer from migraines report more than one migraine a month. The symptoms -- pain, light and noise sensitivity, nausea -- can last from 4 to 72 hours and often lead to missed days from school or work.

Researchers from Thailand analyzed four well-designed previous studies of naproxen at doses of 500 to 825 milligrams for treatment of acute moderate to severe migraines involving 2,168 patients.

Led by Chuthamanee Suthisisand of Mahidol University in Bangkok, the authors concluded that naproxen effectively reduced headache intensity, pain and symptoms within 2 hours of taking it - defined by the International Headache Society as a desirable outcome.

When compared to other drugs known as triptans, naproxen did as well as the prescription drug frovatriptan (marketed as Frova) but did not offer the same clinical benefits as almotriptan (marketed as Axert) and zolmitriptan (marketed as Zomig).

However, because of side effects, not all patients can take triptans, and naproxen offers those patients a non-prescription alternative, Suthisisand told Reuters Health by email.

Still, the authors found that naproxen "appears to be inferior" to aspirin in treating migraines. Suthisisand said the science suggests 1,000 milligrams of aspirin is the best of several treatments that include naproxen and acetaminophen for acute moderate to severe migraine episodes, as long as patients can tolerate potential gastrointestinal side effects.

Although the Thai team acknowledged that the quality of studies such as theirs depends on the quality of the original studies, they said they were confident the studies they reviewed were high-quality.

In the second study, researchers from McNeil Consumer Healthcare, the makers of Tylenol, randomly assigned 378 migraine sufferers to either 1000 milligrams of Tylenol or a dummy pill.

In the 90-day trial, the researchers, led by Mary Jane Prior, found that the Tylenol group began to benefit within an hour of taking the medication. At 2 hours, 52 percent of the acetaminophen group reported that their pain was reduced to mild or no pain, compared to 32 percent of the dummy pill group.

The team also reported a benefit for severe pain sufferers, but they could not determine whether that was due to chance, given the small number of patients in the trial.

The study also found that acetaminophen offered "significantly larger" relief than placebo from nausea and noise sensitivity at 2 hours and nausea, light and noise sensitivity and functional impairment at 6 hours.

The study, the authors concluded, adds to earlier clinical evidence supporting acetaminophen's use to treat migraine.

"When effective," the authors wrote, "acetaminophen provides consumers with a non-prescriptive, lower cost alternative to costly prescription migraine drugs."

Acetaminophen is not currently approved by the FDA as a migraine treatment except as part of an aspirin or aspirin and caffeine compound. McNeil Consumer Healthcare declined to say whether they were applying to the FDA for approval of acetaminophen for use in migraine.

More migraines, less breast cancer?

Studies published in 2008 and 2009 found that women who have been treated for migraines have a 26% to 33% lower risk of breast cancer than other women.

To combat the pain, many migraine sufferers take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, which also may reduce breast cancer risk. So researchers conducted a new study, published online in January in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, to determine whether migraines alone have an effect on breast cancer risk. They found that migraine sufferers were 11% less likely to develop breast cancer overall and 17% less likely to develop a hormone-sensitive breast cancer, whether or not they take NSAIDs.

The connection makes sense, researchers say, because the hormone estrogen plays a role in most breast cancers, as well as in many migraines. For example, 60% of women with migraines report having more headaches around the time of menstruation, when estrogen levels change. Many pregnant women also report fewer migraines once their estrogen levels stabilize mid-pregnancy, as do post-menopausal women.

How to deal with headaches

Sometimes, it really baffles you. The fact that your head hurts, that is. Because there seems to be no reason why. Yes, you did have a headache last week, but that was because you were out in the sun all day. Then there was the headache that accompanied a cold. And, the day you were so involved in your work that you didn’t step away from your computer for even one second…naturally, by the end of the day, your head hurt.

But this throbbing pain that just won’t go away. What’s this about? “There are three main causes of the primary headaches that people usually experience,” says Doctors. “Primary headaches are not caused by medical conditions, such as a fall or a disease, but are a result of environmental factors.”

Repeated episodes of headaches can be debilitating however, so it’s essential to know what is causing the pain and the correct treatment for it. One way to find out, says Doctors, is to keep a headache journal. “Pen down how it started and try and see a pattern. You will be able to know what kind of headache you have. It is also effective to know what are you allergic to in case you have migraines.”

Here are the three types of primary headaches, and how to deal with them.

Migraines

A migraine is a type of headache that is commonly triggered by food or sleep or stress or all three. Says Dr Praveen Gupta, consultant neurologist, Artemis Healthcare, Gurgaon, “Seventy-five per cent of the times that you get a common headache, it is migraine. People are unable to detect it and label it as gas-related or exertion-created or another kind of headache. If you miss a meal, lose sleep, or have been travelling, you might trigger a migraine.” Migraine headaches can also be triggered by an allergy. “If you’re sensitive to alcohol, or if you give up smoking in an on-and-off manner, or if you’re taking certain medication, you may get an attack,” says Dr Gupta. “Tea, coffee, ice-cream, cheese, wine and, sometimes, perfume are the common triggers.”

Many other things can trigger a migraine. Extremes of weather, noise, confusion, negative thinking and depression can all precipitate a migraine.

Symptoms: Throbbing and pulsating pain on one or both sides of the head. You might mistake it for gas because your stomach can feel bloated and the headache might be accompanied by nausea. While you have the headache, you might feel sensitive to light and sound. The pain can continue for anything between six hours and three days, and it can get worse with physical activity, says Hakim Mohammad Tariq of the board of physicians at Hamdard (Wakf) Laboratories.

The above are the symptoms of the common migraine headache that affects 75 per cent of us, more women than men. Another kind of migraine is called the classic migraine. This affects 15 per cent of us. “You might get a jarring headache that lasts up to two hours. It might start with flashes of lights and visions, and your field of vision (ability to see sideways) gets restricted. This will be followed by the headache,” says Dr Reddi. A migraine pain can also go to the neck.

Remedy: To prevent a migraine, make sure your life follows a regular pattern. Have your meals on time, sleep on time and avoid extreme temperatures (carry a sunshade if you’re going out during the day), advises Dr Gupta.

Meditation and yoga are also known to help keep a migraine headache away, he adds. If you still have migraine attacks in spite of this (because migraines are also genetic), or if you have more than three headaches a month, then you must visit a specialist to take preventive medicines.

In case of a migraine attack, keep an analgesic like dispirin or crocin handy. Doctors advise that it is best to take the medication as soon as the headache begins. Switch off lights, reduce noise levels and try and sleep. If you are not allergic to tea or coffee, have a cup of either. It helps. “If you take the analgesic an hour after the headache starts, it won’t help,” says Dr Gupta. If the pain gets too much, go to a doctor for an injection. But analgesics are not a long-term solution. Once you know for certain that you have migraines, go to a doctor for proper treatment.

Tension headaches

These stem from muscle contractions in the face, neck and scalp because of tension or stress. Says Hakim Mohammad Tariq, “Muscle tension headache is a condition that occurs due to tightness and inflammation of head and neck muscles. Major causes include fatigue, eye strain, stress, anxiety and depression.” Dr Praveen Gupta says that mental or physical exertions trigger this headache.

Symptoms: A dull headache with a feeling of pressure in the back of the head and tightness around the brain. If you feel relieved when the area is pressed, then you have this kind of headache. Symptoms of migraine, such as nausea and vomiting, are absent.

Remedy: Relax your muscles. Apply heat or ice, whichever you prefer, to ease the tension. Use a warm compress, a hot towel or a hot bath or shower. If cold is your choice, wrap your ice pack in cloth before using it. A massage may help to relieve muscle tension, and it may also provide relief from the headache. Gently massage the muscles of your head, neck and shoulders with your fingertips. Analgesics are effective against episodic tension type headaches.


Chronic daily headache

This is precipitated by stress, too much thinking or confusion, says Dr Praveen Gupta. Type A personality people who get worked up easily are generally prone to this type of headache, says Dr Rajashekahar Reddi.

Symptoms: A dull, aching pain that continues through the day, every day. It feels like a tight band around the head. While it doesn’t get worse, it is persistent.

Remedy: Doctors say that if you’re caught in a stressful situation, step back and allow your emotions to settle. Relaxation techniques are useful in coping with this kind of headache, including deep breathing, yoga and meditation. If anxiety or depression is an issue, visit a specialist. Doctors may prescribe antidepressants to prevent tension headaches and chronic daily headaches.

Migraine inspired art

Some historians believe Vincent Van Gogh (self portrait, left) had visual auras, accounting for some of the artistic techniques evident in his work. Migraine-related hallucinations may have inspired the surreal, imaginary world of Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland.

Claude Monet (self-portrait, right) was a painter whose works were thought to have been inspired by the bright colours he saw when he was having migraines. His paintings were full of light and are most sought after by art collectors.



For more.....

Chronic migraineurs more likely to be sick


A new research has shown that chronic migraine sufferers tend to be in poorer general health, less well off, and more depressed than those with episodic migraine.
The results are based on the study of almost 12,000 adults with episodic - a severe headache on up to 14 days of the month - or chronic migraine - headache on 15 or more days of the month.
All participants were already part of the American Migraine Prevalence and Prevention (AMPP) study, a long term US population based study of 24,000 headache sufferers, which has included regular surveys since 2004. The researchers analysed data collected in the 2005 survey on socioeconomic circumstances and other health problems.
They found that those with chronic migraine had significantly lower levels of household income, were less likely to be working full time, and were almost twice as likely to have a job related disability, than their peers with episodic migraine.
They were twice as likely to be depressed, anxious, and experiencing chronic pain. And they were significantly more likely to have other serious health problems.
These included asthma, bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and obesity. They were also around 40 percent more likely to have heart disease and angina and 70 percent more likely to have had a stroke.
The research point out that chronic migraine “can be an especially disabling and burdensome condition.” The study has been published in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.